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What is Targeted Therapy for Cancer Treatment?

Targeted anticancer agents are drugs that produce their anticancer effect by selectively modifying a target key to the growth of cancer cells. Cancer is a heterogeneous disease, that is, all individuals with the same cancer type do not contain the same mutations/alterations. Thus, the targeted therapy is designed to target a specific alteration/mutation. It helps in the selective destruction of cancer cells while sparing normal cells, which leads to a decrease in the side effects.

How do I know if targeted therapy is right for me?

Patients who harbour a specific genetic/molecular alteration are generally considered as the suitable candidate for targeted cancer therapy. For assessing the most suitable candidates for targeted cancer therapy, molecular testing may be done, which helps in the detection of various genetic or epigenetic alterations, expression of certain defective proteins, or other defects in the cancer cells at the molecular level for which a targeted drug is available. In some cases, especially when the disease is not responding to standard treatment, targeted therapy may be helpful to prolong the survival of cancer patients.

What are the advantages of Targeted therapy?

Targeted drugs are considered to be relatively safer and better tolerated than standard chemotherapeutic drugs as they are directed towards the specific molecular targets associated with the cancer cells. Thus, normal cells are spared by these drugs leading to a lower number (or less intensity) of side effects compared to those caused by standard chemotherapeutic agents.

What are the cancer types in which Targeted Therapy is used and what are the various types of targeted therapies available for them?

Here are the various examples of targeted therapy options for various cancer types

 

SOLID TUMORS

Role of Targeted Therapy in LUNG CANCER

Role of Targeted Therapy in BREAST CANCER

Role of Targeted Therapy in MALIGNANT MELANOMA

Role of Targeted Therapy in KIDNEY CANCER

Role of Targeted Therapy in HEAD AND NECK CANCER

Role of Targeted Therapy in STOMACH AND ESOPHAGEAL CANCER

Role of Targeted Therapy in COLORECTAL CANCER

Role of Targeted Therapy in OVARIAN CANCER

Role of Targeted Therapy in THYROID CANCER

Role of Targeted Therapy in  SARCOMA

 

HEMATOLOGICAL CANCERS

Role of Targeted Therapy in ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA (ALL)

Role of Targeted Therapy in CHRONIC LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA (CLL)

Role of Targeted Therapy in ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA (AML)

Role of Targeted Therapy in CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA (CML)

Role of Targeted Therapy in FOLLICULAR LYMPHOMA

Role of Targeted Therapy in MULTIPLE MYELOMA

 

We have a team of expert oncologists who have years of experience in treating cancer patients with Targeted Therapy. If you have any questions regarding the same, you may submit your case details here and our experts will give you a detailed opinion.